新的研究显示身体活动与基因改变存在联系 - New study connects physical activity with gene changes-华东公共卫生
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新的研究显示身体活动与基因改变存在联系

New study connects physical activity with gene changes

[日期:2018-12-11] 来源:UPI  作者:华东公共卫生 编译 [字体: ]
为了健康

运动与基因改变

The World Health Organization says that nearly 18 million people die each year from cardiovascular disease, accounting for about 31 percent of deaths worldwide. Photo by Air Images/Shutterstock

      12月10日(UPI 合众国际社)——一项研究表明,基因的构成可在一个人是否锻炼中起作用。
      研究人员通过对来自英国生物银行的91000名戴了一周活动监测器的人的数据进行分析,找出了那些更活跃或更久坐的人,发现基因对许多人从事的体育活动水平起作用。
      研究人员分析确定了14个与身体活动相关的基因区域,发表在周一《自然通讯》杂志上。
      牛津大学大数据研究所的研究员艾登•多尔蒂(Aiden Doherty)在一份新闻稿中说:“我们已经仔细开发了机器学习模型来教机器如何分析像活动这样的复杂功能。”
      超过60%的患心脏病或中风的人有腹部脂肪。神经退行性疾病、心理健康和大脑结构之间的交叉点,特别是因为它与身体活动和睡眠有关。
      研究人员说,缺乏体育锻炼——肥胖、糖尿病和心脏病等负面情况表明缺乏体育锻炼——可能成为全球性的健康危机。
      世界卫生组织说,每年有近1800万人死于心血管疾病,占全世界死亡人数的31%。
      研究人员认为,这项工作可以帮助人们更多地认识到睡眠和体育活动对健康的影响,他们发表的报告将运动与降低血压直接联系起来。

      Dec. 10 (UPI) -- Genetic makeup can play a part in whether a person exercises or not, a study says.
      Researchers found in an analysis of data from the UK biobank on 91,000 people who'd worn an activity monitor for a week, identifying those who were more active or sedentary, finding that genes play a role in the levels of physical activity many of them engage in.
      The analysis, published Monday in the journal Nature Communication, identified 14 genetic regions associated to physical activity, researchers report.
"We have carefully developed machine learning models to teach machines how to analyze complex functions like activity," Aiden Doherty, a researcher at the Big Data Institute at the University of Oxford and study co-author, said in a news release.
      The analysis revealed an intersection between neurodegenerative diseases, mental health wellbeing and brain structure, specifically as it relates to physical activity and sleep.
      The researchers say physical inactivity -- the lack of which has been indicated in negative conditions like obesity, diabetes and heart disease -- could become a global health crisis.
      The World Health Organization says that that nearly 18 million people die each year from cardiovascular disease, accounting for about 31 percent of deaths worldwide.
      The researchers think this work could help create more awareness of the health consequences of sleep and physical activity, with their published report drawing a direct link between exercise and lower blood pressure.

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