研究人员说,饮酒没有安全量 - No level of alcohol consumption is safe, researchers say-华东公共卫生
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研究人员说,饮酒没有安全量

No level of alcohol consumption is safe, researchers say

[日期:2018-08-27] 来源:UPI  作者:华东公共卫生 录入 [字体: ]

为了健康

饮酒没有安全量   

Worldwide, alcohol contributes to about 2.8 million deaths per year and, in 2016, was the seventh-leading risk factor for early death and disability. Photo by kaicho20/Pixabay

      Any protection alcohol may provide against heart disease is outweighed by the health problems it causes, particularly cancer, according to the authors of a new study.
      FRIDAY, Aug. 24, 2018 -- Alcohol contributes to 2.8 million deaths a year worldwide, and there is no safe level of alcohol consumption, researchers say.
      The new analysis of hundreds of studies conducted between 1990 and 2016 found that one in three people worldwide (2.4 billion people) drink alcohol, and that 6.8 percent of men and 2.2 percent of women die of alcohol-related health problems each year.
      How the United States fits into those figures is unclear. It was not among the top or bottom 10 for the most or the heaviest drinkers in 2016. Denmark led the list for most drinkers (97 percent of men and 95 percent of women), while  Romania (men) and Ukraine (women) had the heaviest drinkers.
      Worldwide, alcohol use was the seventh-leading risk factor for early death and disability in 2016. It was the top cause for early death and disability among 15- to 49-year-olds, accounting for one in 10 deaths. In this age group, the main causes of alcohol-related deaths were tuberculosis (1.4 percent), road injuries (1.2 percent) and self-harm (1.1 percent), the findings showed.
      RELATED Study: Consistent moderate drinking tied to lower heart disease risk
      Among people 50 and older, cancer was a leading cause of alcohol-related death, accounting for 27 percent of deaths in women and nearly 19 percent of deaths in men.
      Any protection alcohol may provide against heart disease is outweighed by the health problems it causes, particularly cancer, according to the authors of the study, published Aug. 23 in The Lancet.
      The researchers calculated that people who have one standard drink (10 grams of pure alcohol) a day have a 0.5 percent higher risk of one of 23 alcohol-related health problems than teetotalers.
      RELATED Higher taxes may help counter the toll of alcohol
      The risk was 7 percent higher in people who had two drinks a day, and 37 percent higher among people who had five drinks every day, according to the report.

RELATED 'Moderate' drinking may be a brain buffer
      According to Robyn Burton of King's College London, in England,
The new study offers strong support for a guideline published by the chief medical officer of the United Kingdom,
More information
      The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on alcohol and public health.

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