缺乏身体活动的全球消耗每年达675亿美元 - The cost of physical inactivity: $67.5 billion per year globally-华东公共卫生
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缺乏身体活动的全球消耗每年达675亿美元

The cost of physical inactivity: $67.5 billion per year globally

[日期:2016-07-30] 来源:UPI/华东公共卫生  作者:华东公共卫生 编译 [字体: ]
为了健康

缺乏身体活动的全球成本每年达675亿美元

      SYDNEY, July 29 (UPI)《摘要》首个量化由于个人缺乏身体活动造成的全球经济消耗达到每年675亿美元。
      澳大利亚悉尼大学的研究人员,用2013年以来142个国家的数据,研究了五个运动可降低发病率的主要非传染性疾病--冠心病、中风、2型糖尿病、乳腺癌和结肠癌。计算得出直接医疗消耗和间接消耗约为540亿美元,包括由于早逝生产力损失的137亿美元。
美国最高,超过总数的40%达到278亿美元。最昂贵的疾病是2型糖尿病,每年直接消耗要376亿美元。
      由于缺乏许多国家22项缺乏身体活动的数据,研究者用5方面的健康状况来评价研究。作者说:由世界卫生组织定义为成人每周少于150分钟中等强度身体活动为不活动者,其真实消耗可能高两到三倍。
      研究结果发表在英国医学杂志《柳叶刀》上,并呼吁世界“认真对待体育活动。


SYDNEY, July 29 (UPI) -- The first study to quantify the global cost of individuals' physical inactivity puts the tab at $67.5 billion per year.
Researchers at Australia's University of Sydney, using 2013 data from 142 countries, studied five major non-communicable diseases, incidences of which could be reduced by exercise -- coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer and colon cancer. They calculated the direct cost of healthcare at about $54 billion and indirect costs, including lost productivity due to early death, at another $13.7 billion.
More than 40 percent of the total, $27.8 billion, is attributed to the United States.
"After decades of research, we now have established knowledge about how physical inactivity contributes to premature deaths and chronic diseases, but the economic burden of physical inactivity remains unquantified at the global level. Through estimating the economic burden of physical inactivity for the first time, we hope to create a business case for investing in cost-effective actions to promote physical activity at the global levels," Melody Ding, leader of the study, told CBS News.
The costliest disease was type 2 diabetes, which was determined to be $37.6 billion annually in direct costs.
The results were published in the British medical journal The Lancet, which, in a commentary, called for the world to "get serious about physical activity."
The study covered five health conditions, instead of the 22 linked to physical inactivity, because of the lack of data in many countries. Ding said the true cost of inactivity, defined by the World Health Organization as less than 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity activity per week by adults, is likely two to three times higher.

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