地中海饮食可降低妇女中风的风险《合众国际社》 - Mediterranean diet may cut stroke risk for women-华东公共卫生
你好,游客 登录 注册 搜索
背景:
阅读新闻

地中海饮食可降低妇女中风的风险《合众国际社》

Mediterranean diet may cut stroke risk for women

[日期:2018-09-21] 来源:UPI  作者:华东公共卫生 录入 [字体: ]
为了健康

地中海饮食与中风

      New research suggests the Mediterranean diet can reduce stroke risk in women, but not in men. Researchers say that, considering the other positive health effects the diet offers women, it is not surprising that its anti-stroke effect is not as strong in men. Photo by Africa Studio/Shutterstock

      新的研究表明地中海饮食可以降低女性中风的风险,但男性不能。研究人员说,考虑到女性能对饮食健康的积极性,而男性并不那么积极,因此这样的结果就不足为奇了。

      Men did not reap the same benefit from the diet, which concentrates on fish, fruits, nuts, vegetables and beans, and avoids meat and dairy products.
      THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- The Mediterranean diet may do more than help you reach and maintain a healthy weight: New research suggests that women who follow it also lower their stroke risk.
      But men did not reap the same benefit from the diet, which concentrates on fish, fruits, nuts, vegetables and beans, and avoids meat and dairy products.
      "Simple changes in dietary habits may bring a substantial benefit regarding reducing stroke, which remains one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide," said lead researcher Dr. Phyo Myint. He is clinical chair of medicine at the University of Aberdeen School of Medicine in Scotland.
      Although the Mediterranean diet is considered healthy, this study could not prove that the diet itself caused stroke risk to drop.
RELATED Vegetarian, Mediterranean diets each equally good for the heart: Study
In addition, why men's risk for stroke isn't also lowered isn't yet clear, Myint said.
      But, "it is widely acknowledged that men and women are very different with regard to normal physiology," he added.
      Women have unique stroke risk factors that include using oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy. And during pregnancy, having preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are considered risk factors for stroke, Myint pointed out.
RELATED CDC: 415,000 preventable deaths from heart disease, stroke in 2016
"It may be that certain components in the Mediterranean diet may influence risk of stroke in women more than in men," he said.
      For the study, the investigators collected data on more than 23,000 men and women, aged 40 to 77, who took part in a large cancer study. The participants were followed for 17 years.
      The researchers found that, overall, those who followed a Mediterranean diet cut their risk for stroke 17 percent. When looking at men and women separately, however, women saw a reduction in risk of 22 percent, while men saw a 6 percent drop in risk. The risk reduction among men, however, might be so small that it is a "chance" finding, the scientists added.
RELATED Mediterranean diet most popular on U.S. coasts
      Moreover, among those with a high risk for stroke, the risk was lowered 13 percent for those who followed a Mediterranean diet, the findings showed. This association, however, was mainly due to a 20 percent reduction in risk among women, the researchers found.
The findings were published online Sept. 20 in the journal Stroke.
      According to Samantha Heller, a senior clinical nutritionist at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City, "The Mediterranean eating style, which has great variations among several different cultures, is characterized by foods high in anti-inflammatory compounds, including fiber, vitamins, minerals and healthy plant compounds."
      Previous research has suggested that the Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, certain cancers, obesity and declines in thinking skills, she said.
Foods such as olive oil, zucchini, lemons, hummus, tabouleh, pasta, eggplant, lentils, tomatoes, artichokes, salads and spices are staples in many parts of the Mediterranean, Heller explained.
      "In contrast, the typical Western diet is high in foods that increase inflammation, such as burgers, hot dogs, steak, butter, sodium, sugary beverages, fried foods, fast and junk foods, all of which have been associated with increased risks of chronic diseases," she said.
      Heller suggests skipping the ham and cheese on white bread with mayo for lunch, and instead trying hummus on whole wheat pita with cucumbers and tomatoes. For dinner, try going meatless a few nights a week with a pasta primavera, roasted vegetables, Greek salad, quinoa and lentil-stuffed lettuce wraps, she added.
More information
The American Heart Association has more about the Mediterranean diet.


 

地中海饮食:(摘自百度百科

      “地中海式饮食”是指有利于健康的,简单、清淡以及富含营养的饮食。这种特殊的饮食结构强调多吃蔬菜、水果、鱼、海鲜、豆类、坚果类食物,其次才是谷类,并且烹饪时要用植物油(含不饱合脂肪酸)来代替动物油(含饱合脂肪酸),尤其提倡用橄榄油。地中海式饮食是以自然的营养物质为基础,包括橄榄油、蔬菜、水果、鱼、海鲜、豆类,加上适量的红酒和大蒜,再辅以独特调料的烹饪方式,是一种特殊的饮食方式。

收藏 推荐 打印 | 录入:ecphf | 阅读:
本文评论   查看全部评论 (0)
表情: 表情 姓名: 字数
点评:
       
评论声明
  • 尊重网上道德,遵守中华人民共和国的各项有关法律法规
  • 承担一切因您的行为而直接或间接导致的民事或刑事法律责任
  • 本站管理人员有权保留或删除其管辖留言中的任意内容
  • 本站有权在网站内转载或引用您的评论
  • 参与本评论即表明您已经阅读并接受上述条款

绿色生活

热门评论